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#30: EV versus ICEV Lifecycle Carbon Emissions

Polarizing Articles:

Buchal, C., Jülich, H.-D. K., & Sinn, H.-W. (2019, April 25). Kohlemotoren, Windmotoren und Dieselmotoren: Was zeigt die CO2-Bilanz? ifo Schnelldienst 08/2019, 72. Jahrgang, 40–54.


Electric Car Myth Buster—Well-To-Wheel Emissions. (2018, February 19). Retrieved November 28, 2019, from CleanTechnica website: https://cleantechnica.com/2018/02/19/electric-car-well-to-wheel-emissions-myth/


Erläuterungen zur Studie: Was zeigt die CO2-Bilanz? | Hans-Werner Sinn. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2019, from http://www.hanswernersinn.de/de/elektroautos-was-zeigt-die-co2-bilanz-faz-26042019


Jun 21, C. R. · P., & June 21, 2019 5:14 PM ET | Last Updated: (2019, June 21). Do electric cars take more CO2 to build than they save? | CBC Radio. Retrieved November 28, 2019, from CBC website: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/quirks/june-22-is-your-wi-fi-watching-you-dog-s-manipulative-eyebrows-darwin-s-finches-in-danger-and-more-1.5182752/do-electric-cars-take-more-co2-to-build-than-they-save-1.5182753


Todts, W. (2019, November 26). Yes, electric vehicles really are better than fossil fuel burners. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/nov/26/yes-electric-vehicles-really-are-better-than-fossil-fuel-burners


Welle (www.dw.com), D. (n.d.). Ifo study casts doubt on electric vehicles’ climate-saving credentials | DW | 25.04.2019. Retrieved November 27, 2019, from DW.COM website: https://www.dw.com/en/ifo-study-casts-doubt-on-electric-vehicles-climate-saving-credentials/a-48460328



Studies about battery production:

McManus, M. C. (2012). Environmental consequences of the use of batteries in low carbon systems: The impact of battery production. Applied Energy, 93, 288–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.12.062


Peters, J. F., Baumann, M., Zimmermann, B., Braun, J., & Weil, M. (2017). The environmental impact of Li-Ion batteries and the role of key parameters – A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 67, 491–506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.08.039


Romare, M., & Dahllöf, L. (2017). The Life Cycle Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Lithium-Ion Batteries. 58.



Lifecycle analyses:

Bickert, S., Kampker, A., & Greger, D. (2015). Developments of CO2-emissions and costs for small electric and combustion engine vehicles in Germany. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 36, 138–151. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2015.02.004


Falcão, E. A. M., Teixeira, A. C. R., & Sodré, J. R. (2017). Analysis of CO2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle. Applied Energy, 193, 297–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.050


Fritz, D., Heinfellner, H., Lichtblau, G., Pölz, W., & Schodl, B. (2016). Ökobilanz alternativer Antriebe: Fokus Elektrofahrzeuge. Wien: Umweltbundesamt.


Fritz, D., Heinfellner, H., Lichtblau, G., Pölz, W., & Stranner, G. (2018). Update: Ökobilanz Alternativer Antriebe (p. 16). Wien: Umweltbundesamt.


Granovskii, M., Dincer, I., & Rosen, M. A. (2006). Economic and environmental comparison of conventional, hybrid, electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Journal of Power Sources, 159(2), 1186–1193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.11.086


Helms, H., Jöhrens, J., & Lambrecht, U. (2016). Elektrofahrzeug und Verbrenner im Umweltcheck. ifeu.


Le Petit, Y. (2017). Electric vehicle life cycle analysis and raw material availability. Retrieved from Transport & Environment website: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11367-014-0788-0


Messagie, M., Boureima, F.-S., Coosemans, T., Macharis, C., & Mierlo, J. (2014). A Range-Based Vehicle Life Cycle Assessment Incorporating Variability in the Environmental Assessment of Different Vehicle Technologies and Fuels. Energies, 7(3), 1467–1482. https://doi.org/10.3390/en7031467


Mitropoulos, L. K., Prevedouros, P. D., & Kopelias, P. (2017). Total cost of ownership and externalities of conventional, hybrid and electric vehicle. Transportation Research Procedia, 24, 267–274. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.117


Nordelöf, A., Messagie, M., Tillman, A.-M., Ljunggren Söderman, M., & Van Mierlo, J. (2014). Environmental impacts of hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and battery electric vehicles—What can we learn from life cycle assessment? The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 19(11), 1866–1890. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-014-0788-0


Van Mierlo, J., Messagie, M., & Rangaraju, S. (2017). Comparative environmental assessment of alternative fueled vehicles using a life cycle assessment. Transportation Research Procedia, 25, 3435–3445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.244



Other Sources:

Argonne GREET Model. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2019, from https://greet.es.anl.gov/

CO2eq | Climate Policy Info Hub. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2019, from https://climatepolicyinfohub.eu/glossary/co2eq


Electric vehicles, second life batteries, and their effect on the power sector | McKinsey. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2019, from https://www.mckinsey.com/industries/automotive-and-assembly/our-insights/second-life-ev-batteries-the-newest-value-pool-in-energy-storage


Fact Sheet: Energy Storage (2019) | White Papers | EESI. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2019, from https://www.eesi.org/papers/view/energy-storage-2019


Ghorbanzadeh, M., Astaneh, M., & Golzar, F. (2019). Long-term degradation based analysis for lithium-ion batteries in off-grid wind-battery renewable energy systems. Energy, 166, 1194–1206. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2018.10.120


Switching to a home battery won’t help save the world from climate change. (n.d.). Retrieved November 27, 2019, from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-home-battery-wont-world-climate.html


Wade, A. (2016, November 7). Carbon footprint of solar panels under microscope. Retrieved November 27, 2019, from Www.euractiv.com website: https://www.euractiv.com/section/energy/opinion/mondaycop22-lower-co2-emissions-with-lower-carbon-solar-energy/

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