TCO examples (some of them more EV-friendly than others):
B. M. Al-Alawi and T. H. Bradley, “Total cost of ownership, payback, and consumer preference modeling of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles,” Applied Energy, vol. 103, pp. 488–506, Mar. 2013.
K. Palmer, J. E. Tate, Z. Wadud, and J. Nellthorp, “Total cost of ownership and market share for hybrid and electric vehicles in the UK, US and Japan,” Applied Energy, vol. 209, pp. 108–119, Jan. 2018.
J. Hagman, S. Ritzén, J. J. Stier, and Y. Susilo, “Total cost of ownership and its potential implications for battery electric vehicle diffusion,” Research in Transportation Business & Management, vol. 18, pp. 11–17, Mar. 2016.
P. Z. Lévay, Y. Drossinos, and C. Thiel, “The effect of fiscal incentives on market penetration of electric vehicles: A pairwise comparison of total cost of ownership,” Energy Policy, vol. 105, pp. 524–533, 2017.
S. Bubeck, J. Tomaschek, and U. Fahl, “Perspectives of electric mobility: Total cost of ownership of electric vehicles in Germany,” Transport Policy, vol. 50, pp. 63–77, Aug. 2016.
J. Hellgren, “Life cycle cost analysis of a car, a city bus and an intercity bus powertrain for year 2005 and 2020,” Energy Policy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 39–49, Jan. 2007.
E. Windisch, “Driving electric? A financial assessment of electric vehicle policies in France,” Université Paris-Est, Paris, 2013.
B. Propfe, M. Redelbach, D. Santini, and H. Friedrich, “Cost analysis of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles including Maintenance & Repair Costs and Resale Values,” WEVJ, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 886–895, 2012.
A. Rusich and R. Danielis, “Total cost of ownership, social lifecycle cost and energy consumption of various automotive technologies in Italy,” Research in Transportation Economics, vol. 50, pp. 3–16, 2015.
X. Zhao, O. C. Doering, and W. E. Tyner, “The economic competitiveness and emissions of battery electric vehicles in China,” Applied Energy, vol. 156, pp. 666–675, 2015.
G. Plötz, G. Till, A. Kühn, and M. Wietschel, “Markthochlaufszenarien für Elektrofahrzeuge,” Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, 2013.
Q. Diao, W. Sun, X. Yuan, L. Li, and Z. Zheng, “Life-cycle private-cost-based competitiveness analysis of electric vehicles in China considering the intangible cost of traffic policies,” Applied Energy, vol. 178, pp. 567–578, 2016.
M. DeLuchi, Q. Wang, and D. Sperling, “Electric vehicles: Performance, life-cycle costs, emissions, and recharging requirements,” Transportation Research Part A: General, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 255–278, 1989.
S. Bickert, A. Kampker, and D. Greger, “Developments of CO2-emissions and costs for small electric and combustion engine vehicles in Germany,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 36, pp. 138–151, 2015.
H. Hao, X. Ou, J. Du, H. Wang, and M. Ouyang, “China’s electric vehicle subsidy scheme: Rationale and impacts,” Energy Policy, vol. 73, pp. 722–732, 2014.
E. A. M. Falcão, A. C. R. Teixeira, and J. R. Sodré, “Analysis of CO2 emissions and techno-economic feasibility of an electric commercial vehicle,” Applied Energy, vol. 193, pp. 297–307, 2017.
R. Danielis, M. Giansoldati, and L. Rotaris, “A probabilistic total cost of ownership model to evaluate the current and future prospects of electric cars uptake in Italy,” Energy Policy, vol. 119, pp. 268–281, 2018.
P. Letmathe and M. Suares, “A consumer-oriented total cost of ownership model for different vehicle types in Germany,” Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 57, pp. 314–335, 2017.