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#36: EVs the NorWAY | About Incentives, Green Energy, and Oil Revenue

Appendix for calculations:

Charge points:

  • US has 6.9 million km of roads and ~60000 charge points. That’s a little over 1 chargepoint per 100km of roads

  • Norway has 94000 km of roads and ~7,600 charge points. That’s about 8 chargepoints per 100km of roads.


Cost of fuel vs. electricity for driving 10k km:


Leaf: 10000 / 5 km/kwh * $.10/kwh = $200 vs.

QashQai: 10000 / 16 km/liter * $1.5/liter = $937



Resources used in the Show:


1. Current EV Situation in Norway


Axelsen, Geir. 2019. This Is Norway Presents Statistics from a Variety of Areas and Seeks to Give an Overview of Norwegian Society and Its Developments in Recent Years. Statistics Norway. https://www.ssb.no/en/befolkning/artikler-og-publikasjoner/this-is-norway/.

City of Oslo. 2020. “Temporary Ban on Diesel Vehicles.” Oslo kommune. https://www.oslo.kommune.no/english/street-transport-and-parking/temporary-ban-on-diesel-vehicles/ (May 17, 2020).

France-Presse, Agence. 2017. “Oslo Temporarily Bans Diesel Cars to Combat Pollution.” the Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jan/16/oslo-temporarily-bans-diesel-cars-combat-pollution (May 3, 2020).

Henley, Jon, and Elisabeth Ulven. 2020. “Norway and the A-Ha Moment That Made Electric Cars the Answer.” The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/apr/19/norway-and-the-a-ha-moment-that-made-electric-cars-the-answer (May 12, 2020).

Hertzke, Patrick, Nicolai Müller, Stephanie Schenk, and Ting Wu. 2018. The Global Electric Vehicle Market Is Amped up and on the Rise. McKinsey&Company.

Institute of Transport Economics (TØI). 2020. “Frontpage Institute of Transport Economics (TØI).” https://www.toi.no/english/?lang=en_GB (May 14, 2020).

Norwegian Public Roads Administration. 2020. “Car sales in 2019.” Opplysningsrådet for veitrafikken. https://ofv.no/bilsalget/bilsalget-i-2019 (May 14, 2020).

Savage, Maddy. 2020. “How Norway Convinced Drivers To Go Electric.” HuffPost Canada. https://www.huffpost.com/entry/norway-drivers-electric-cars_n_5e94ac91c5b6f0317322b939 (May 1, 2020).

Shahan, Zachary. 2019. “Tesla Model 3 Is #1 Best Selling Vehicle In Norway, #3 In Netherlands, #7 In Switzerland — CleanTechnica Report.” CleanTechnica. https://cleantechnica.com/2019/09/20/tesla-model-3-is-1-best-selling-vehicle-in-norway-3-in-netherlands-7-in-switzerland-cleantechnica-report/ (May 17, 2020).

Tesla. “Finn Oss | Tesla.” Finn oss | Tesla. https://www.tesla.com/no_NO/findus (May 26, 2020).

The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association. 2020. “Frontpage The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association.” The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association. https://elbil.no/english/about-norwegian-ev-association/ (May 14, 2020).

Virki, Tarmo. 2019. “Oslo to Become First City to Charge Electric Taxis over the Air.” Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-norway-electric-taxis-idUSKCN1R21ED (May 1, 2020).

Wikipedia. 2020a. “Plug-in Electric Vehicles in Norway.” Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plug-in_electric_vehicles_in_Norway&oldid=955986525 (May 14, 2020).

———. 2020b. “Road Space Rationing.” Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Road_space_rationing&oldid=951264252 (May 17, 2020).

WIkipedia. 2020. “Transport in Norway.” Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Transport_in_Norway&oldid=933578723 (May 14, 2020).


2. EV Incentives in Norway


Carroll, Matt. 2019. “Norway Leads the Charge on a Sustainable Electric Future. Why Is Norway so Far Ahead of the Rest When It Comes to Renewable Energy? National Geographic Delves into the Power behind the World’s Greenest Nation.” National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/06/partner-content-sustainable-electric-future/ (May 15, 2020).

electriveNet. 2017. Christina Bu on Why the Future of Electric Transport Is Now Not Only in Norway. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NVI3yWCZlcQ (May 19, 2020).

evadoption.com. “EV Charging Statistics – EVAdoption.” https://evadoption.com/ev-charging-stations-statistics/ (May 26, 2020). Figenbaum, Erik. 2019. Charging into the future – Analysis of fast charger usage. TØI Institute of Transport Economics Norway. Haugneland, Petter, Erik Lorentzen, Christina Bu, and Espen Hauge. 2017. Put a Price on Carbon to Fund EV Incentives – Norwegian EV Policy Success. Stuttgart, Germany: EVS30 International Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium - Paper. International Energy Agency (IEA). 2018. 2019 HEV TCP Annual Report. Chapter 31: Norway. http://www.ieahev.org/assets/1/7/Report2019_Norway.pdf (May 26, 2020). Lorentzen, Erik, Petter Haugneland, Christina Bu, and Espen Hauge. 2017. Charging Infrastructure Experiences in Norway - the Worlds Most Advanced EV Market. Nikel, David. 2019. “Electric Cars: Why Little Norway Leads The World In EV Usage.” Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidnikel/2019/06/18/electric-cars-why-little-norway-leads-the-world-in-ev-usage/#1ce82e7513e3 (May 1, 2020).

Norvegian EV Association. “Norwegian EV policy.” https://elbil.no/english/norwegian-ev-policy/ (May 19, 2020).

Norvegian Tax Administration. “Road Traffic Insurance Tax.” The Norwegian Tax Administration. /en/business-and-organisation/vat-and-duties/excise-duties/about-the-excise-duties/road-traffic-insurance/ (May 19, 2020).

Statistics Norway. 2020. “09387: Electricity Price, Grid Rent and Taxes for Households, by Contents and Quarter. Statbank Norway.” https://www.ssb.no/en/statbank/table/09387/tableViewLayout1/ (May 19, 2020).

The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association. 2020. “Frontpage The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association.” The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association. https://elbil.no/english/about-norwegian-ev-association/ (May 14, 2020).

The Norwegian Tax Administration. 2020. “Calculate What It Will Cost to Import a Car to Norway.” The Norwegian Tax Administration. /en/person/duties/cars-and-other-vehicles/importing/calculate/ (May 19, 2020).

Wikipedia. 2020. “Plug-in Electric Vehicles in Norway.” Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plug-in_electric_vehicles_in_Norway&oldid=955986525 (May 14, 2020).



3. Norway's Advantages

Anonymous. 2016. “Reducing CO2 Emissions from Passenger Cars - before 2020.” Climate Action - European Commission. https://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/cars_en (May 26, 2020).

Carroll, Matt. 2019. “Norway Leads the Charge on a Sustainable Electric Future. Why Is Norway so Far Ahead of the Rest When It Comes to Renewable Energy? National Geographic Delves into the Power behind the World’s Greenest Nation.” National Geographic. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2019/06/partner-content-sustainable-electric-future/ (May 15, 2020).

Climate Action Tracker. 2019. “Norway | Climate Action Tracker.” Climate Action Tracker. https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/norway/ (May 19, 2020). Electric Vehicles: A Lesson from Norway. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XbPAQkHXCsU&feature=youtu.be (May 27, 2020).

Figenbaum, Erik. 2017. “Perspectives on Norway’s Supercharged Electric Vehicle Policy.” Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 25: 14–34. Finance, Ministry of. 2019. “The Norwegian Fiscal Policy Framework.” 006051-990101. https://www.regjeringen.no/en/topics/the-economy/economic-policy/economic-policy/id418083/ (May 14, 2020).

“Hjem - Home | Nikkelverk.” https://www.nikkelverk.no/en/Pages/home.aspx (May 27, 2020).

International Energy Agency (IEA). 2018. 2019 HEV TCP Annual Report. Chapter 31: Norway. http://www.ieahev.org/assets/1/7/Report2019_Norway.pdf (May 26, 2020).

Invest in Norway. “Norway – Unique Location for Battery Development and Production.” https://www.innovasjonnorge.no/en/.

Lobo, Ashley. 2020. “Why Does Norway Has the Highest % of Electric Vehicles in the World.” Medium. https://medium.com/@ashleylobo98/why-does-norway-has-the-highest-of-electric-vehicles-in-the-world-e8ec58b9e6e3 (May 28, 2020).

“Maritime Battery Production in Norway | Maritime Battery Forum.” https://maritimebatteryforum.com/news/maritime-battery-production-in-norway (May 27, 2020).

“Norsk Hydro.” https://www.hydro.com/en-AT/ (May 27, 2020).

“Norway Achieves Its Transport Emissions Target Three Years Early - Climate Action.” 2018. http://www.climateaction.org/news/norway-achieves-its-transport-emissions-target-three-years-early (May 14, 2020).

“Norway Gasoline Prices, 25-May-2020 | GlobalPetrolPrices.Com.” GlobalPetrpPrices.com. https://www.globalpetrolprices.com/Norway/gasoline_prices/ (May 28, 2020).

“Norway’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions.” http://folk.uio.no/roberan/t/norwegian_emissions.shtml (May 19, 2020).

Planète Énergies. 2015. “The History of Energy in Norway.” Planète Énergies. https://www.planete-energies.com/en/medias/saga-energies/history-energy-norway (May 15, 2020).

Skjelvik, John Magne, Nordic Council of Ministers, and Annegrete Bruvoll. 2011. Greening the Economy: Nordic Experiences and Challenges. Nordic Council of Ministers. SPIEGEL, DER. 2018. “EU-Unterhändler einigen sich auf schärfere CO2-Grenzwerte für Neuwagen - DER SPIEGEL - Wirtschaft.” https://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/soziales/eu-unterhaendler-einigen-sich-auf-schaerfere-co2-grenzwerte-fuer-neuwagen-a-1244254.html (May 26, 2020).

———. 2020. “CO2-Grenzwerte: Autokonzernen drohen 3,3 Milliarden Euro Strafe der EU - DER SPIEGEL - Wirtschaft.” https://www.spiegel.de/wirtschaft/unternehmen/co2-grenzwerte-autokonzernen-drohen-3-3-milliarden-euro-strafe-der-eu-a-fb82fced-540c-4a2a-bca5-95a7297b9d5d (May 26, 2020).

SPIEGEL, Nils-Viktor Sorge, Emil Nefzger, DER. 2020. “Die deutsche Autoindustrie und ihr Elektro-Fiasko - DER SPIEGEL - Mobilität.” https://www.spiegel.de/auto/kaufpraemie-fuer-e-autos-eine-foerderung-fuer-autos-die-es-nicht-gibt-a-6d29f2e8-bd5f-4b56-9992-c3a11066d299 (May 26, 2020).

“Think Global.” 2019. Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Think_Global&oldid=927701896 (May 28, 2020). worldometer. 2016a. “CO2 Emissions - Worldometer.” https://www.worldometers.info/co2-emissions/ (May 26, 2020).

———. 2016b. “Norway CO2 Emissions - Worldometer.” https://www.worldometers.info/co2-emissions/norway-co2-emissions/ (May 26, 2020).

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